There is a distinct difference between group work and co-operative learning. During ‘group work’ there is generally a problem that a group is set to work on without structure, or with limited structure, often leading to one student doing the main body of work and the other students riding on the coat tails. Co-operative learning is the opposite, it is highly structured, every group member is expected to follow the rules to put in the same amount of work, with a public performance (in front of their small group, not the entire group!).
The aim of co-operative learning is to stop ‘desktop truancy’ so that students can have an opportunity to think about something as opposed to copying answers from a friend.
Co-operative learning is not about ‘kids teaching kids’, the best way I can describe it is with an analogy of chewing gum. The expert, the classroom teacher, teaches something that is new, this is the chewing gum. The students want to get to grips with the new material, so they need some ‘gum chewing’ time. This is the co-operative learning time.
To make sense of something you have to think about it, you have to ensure that it fits with your knowledge that is already there, if it doesn’t, your knowledge needs refining. The discussion allows chance to refine the knowledge, to see how other students contextualise it, to see if there is any shared ground.
Given what Dan Willingham informs us that ‘memory is the residue of thought’ – verbalising ideas clearly relies on you thinking about the idea more deeply than just having it in your mind.
So, when I get a readership of greater than 0, I will upload a few of my resources with a plan of use, just so you can see if it is helpful to you!
I am going to tread lightly today, as I am not sure what to believe any more. After reading Daisy Christodoulou’s blog post entitled ‘Seven Myths About Education’ and more precisely her excellent post on ‘Myth six – Projects and activities are the best way to learn‘ I couldn’t help thinking of the Dutch style of teaching of mathematics – the ‘Realistic Mathematical Education‘ project.
The Dutch approach is at complete odds with what Daisy’s research has uncovered. However, it seems that the scores of the Netherlands in PISA is always extremely high. Always around the top 10 and as high as 4th in 2003.
So as a teacher I come to a real issue, there is research telling me that ‘Direct Instruction‘ is the best way to go – that the transmission of information from myself to the students will lead to the best long term results, however I am wary that the long term results don’t seem that great, however short term performance is excellent. The real problem I have here, with Direct Instruction, is this : how do we know that it doesn’t just increase short term performance at the cost of long term learning? Certainly the data taken at face value from ‘Project Follow Through’ seems good, however when put under the microscope it starts to pale.
So I ask you (well when I say you, I probably mean just me, as nobody ever reads my blog) what on Earth should I do? Is the Dutch model the correct answer? Is ‘Direct Instruction’ the way forwards? I am once again lost.
(For those people that know not of what the Dutch do: http://www.fisme.science.uu.nl/wisweb/en/)
Performance and learning, I am struggling to get my head around this. Firstly the fact that performance does not equate to learning. I can understand that, however the fact that improving performance could actually retard learning, that is where I don’t understand the research.
Is the reason that short term performance an inhibitor of learning because once somebody thinks that they have understood something, they then stop trying to improve upon their position? Is it because once something is in the short-term memory, it is impossible to wipe it so you don’t have to try to recall the information from long term storage? Is it because the task seems like a closed book, finished, no longer needing to be opened?
Does this mean that when I help a student in class, I am actually interfering with his long term learning? Should I wait, and wait, and wait?
Surely if somebody doesn’t understand something in the short term, there is no way of gaining understanding in the long term? For example, if I think that 5x + 15 is 20x, then there is no way 6 months later I will ever think that 5x + 15 is a simplified form? Or, should we be giving methods of checking if something is right, like a ‘check digit‘?
I am slowly going out of my mind trying to reconcile this position, I am totally at a loss. I have no idea how best to teach any of my students to ensure that long term learning is achieved.